Methodological Problems of Ethno-Statistical Evidence and Ethno-Demographic Research of Populatin of Serbia Cover Image

Методолошки проблеми етностатистичке евиденције и етнодемографских пруочавања становништва Србије
Methodological Problems of Ethno-Statistical Evidence and Ethno-Demographic Research of Populatin of Serbia

Author(s): Aleksandar Knežević
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Geography, Regional studies, Human Geography, Regional Geography, Sociology, Methodology and research technology, Demography and human biology, Ethnic Minorities Studies
Published by: Географски факултет, Универзитет у Београду
Keywords: ethnodemography;ethno-statistical sources;census;ethnic characteristics;ethnic structure;national politics;ethnic hiding;

Summary/Abstract: During the twentieth century, the ethnic structure of the Serbia was not always statistical clear, primarily due to the strong influence of national policies; in the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenians/Yugoslavia through the idea of Yugoslav unitary; after II World War through in socialistic Yugoslavia with usage “the new methodological solutions”; and national politics from the end of the twentieth century, which is current today. Nationality structure study of population of Serbia according to the census must include the fact that only the number of national “declared” is available in statistical sources, which may not always coincide with ethnic origin. This indicates at the influence of various factors on the national determination, such as socio-cultural, political, integration, economic, and religious factors. The strictly usage of subjective criteria had the negative impact on the accuracy of census results, because it had enabled oscillations in the number of certain ethnic communities. Inconsistency of native language and nationality declared population in Serbia often occurs as a result unpredictable behavior of certain ethnic groups in census declaration, but also due the assimilation processes – in cases that some ethnic groups are accepted other language. Vital statistics at this period, as the censuses, was under the influence of methodological changes too, especially at the period 1965-1970; probably because of ideological reasons, it was stopped recording and publication of vital events by ethnicity, which makes more difficult all ethno-demographic researches. The main disadvantage of the current methodology for registration and publication of vital events by ethnicity is the fact that existing data is distributed only by the nationality of the mother.

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 8
  • Page Range: 129-144
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian