Начало энеолита на северных окраинах поздних дунайских культур на рубеже V и IV тысячелетий до н. э.
The Dawn of the Eneolithic in Northern Outskirts of the Late Danubian World on the Turn of 5th and 4th Millennia BC
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Cultural history, Economic history, Social history
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Poland; Eneolithic; Danubian cultures; fortified settlements; separate cemeteries; copper metallurgy; long blades; culture change
Summary/Abstract: The author presents a survey of socio-cultural processes in the beginning of the Eneolithic in Poland in the second half of 5th millennium BC and their consequences in the 4th millennium. There are shown origins of main Eneolithic traits on the territory in question against the background of general process of eneolithization in Europe. The chronology of this phenomenon is specified and cultural entities engaged in processes of Eneolithisation of Polish territories are described. The most important cultures involved in this process are Lublin-Volhynia, Brześć Kujawski and Jordanów. Subsistence, settlement patterns, funerary rites, copper metallurgy, flint manufacture and other elements of material culture are characterized. In the end, an attempt was taken to reconstruct different models of cultural changes, which resulted in the emergence of various models of Eneolithisation of Polish territories.
- Issue Year: 2016
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 17-35
- Page Count: 19
- Language: Russian