The Struggle Between Nomad and Settlements in the Ottoman State: The Problem of the Lost Villages Cover Image

Osmanlı Devleti’nde Yörükler ile Yerleşiklerin Kavgası: Kayıp Köyler Meselesi
The Struggle Between Nomad and Settlements in the Ottoman State: The Problem of the Lost Villages

Author(s): Alpaslan Demir
Subject(s): History, Demography and human biology, The Ottoman Empire, Migration Studies
Published by: Gazi Akademik Bakış
Keywords: Immigration; Ottoman, Nomad; Settlement; Demography;

Summary/Abstract: The movements of nomads are an important factor for that settled peasants left their country in the periods of weak of state authority and increased population. In the first periods that there isn’t more population and relatively large agricultural area, the movements of nomads didn’t create a problem because of the strong state authority; but in the last periods unfortunately things changed. The increase in population, the intensification of settlement pattern is now inadequate for agriculture and most of all, the state authority weaken so, the nomads started to do ease and reckless moves. They caused damage to the plantations of the resident population and also they begun to works even illegal as banditry. So, settled peasants choosed easy thing rather than dealing with these problems and they left their country. The abandoned lost village is a serious problem of the Ottoman settlement history and It is firstly mentioned by Suraiya Faroqhi. She wanted to draw researchers’ attention of this issue with the article that she presented named “Anadolu İskanı ile Terkedilmiş Köyler Sorunu” in 1976.But until recently since 1976, there is not an independent study on this issue. In this study, struggle between nomad and settlements in the Ottoman State will be evaluated in the context of the problem about abandoned/lost villlages.

  • Issue Year: 11/2017
  • Issue No: 21
  • Page Range: 15-31
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Turkish