The Ural’s Sacred Heterotopias: From Biarmia to Arkaim Cover Image

Сакральные гетеротопии Урала: от Биармии до Аркаима
The Ural’s Sacred Heterotopias: From Biarmia to Arkaim

Author(s): Elena Sozina
Subject(s): Human Geography, Studies of Literature, Recent History (1900 till today), Contemporary Philosophy, Sociology of Culture, 19th Century
Published by: Vilniaus Universiteto Leidykla

Summary/Abstract: In this paper sacred places (heterotopias as M. Foucault called them) of the Northern and Ural regions are described. Biarmia (Bjarmaland) is the land which was in the North-East of the European part of Russia, its name was introduced to history by Scandinavian sagas in IX– XII cc. Arkaim is the ancient prototown in the steppe zone of the Southern Ural, it was found by archaeologists at the end of 1980, but its birth and existence is attributed to XVII–XVI cc. BC. Today both toposes became the objects of literary and historical myth-making (“the greatest reserves of the imagination”, M. Foucault) and the objects of the ideological speculations. In the paper, the general Mythemes selected in the area of these toposes on materials of the Web site resource are analyzed. It also studies the epic poem Biarmia of komi writer, poet and philosopher K. Zhakov (1916) and works of E. Bogdanov, V. Ivanov, E. Sojni, V. Timin that were created in XX and at the beginning of XXI centuries.

  • Issue Year: 57/2015
  • Issue No: 5
  • Page Range: 29-41
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Russian