The Beginnings of Gold Exploitation in Medieval Transylvania Cover Image

Az aranykitermelés kezdetei a középkori Erdélyben
The Beginnings of Gold Exploitation in Medieval Transylvania

Author(s): Zsolt Simon
Subject(s): History
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: Middle Ages; mining; gold; Transylvania; towns

Summary/Abstract: The paper gives a general presentation of the gold mining in the medieval Transylvania between the 10th and 14th centuries on the basis of all available written sources regarding this topic, focusing mainly on the listing of the places of the exploitation, and less on the problems of administrative history. Based on the medieval toponimy one can say that the Transylvanian gold exploitation was continuous at least from the presence of the Slavs, although most of the written sources date after 1300. The exploitation is documented in several places, but especially in the Western Carpathians (and in a lesser extent in the Southern Carpathians as well). The most important mines were located in the regions around Abrud, Zlatna, Baia de Arieş and Baia de Criş.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: II
  • Page Range: 217-229
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Hungarian