Hungarians in Moldova and the Origin of the Name Csángó According to Linguistic Geography Cover Image

A moldvai magyarokról és a csángó névről a nyelvföldrajz bizonyságai alapján
Hungarians in Moldova and the Origin of the Name Csángó According to Linguistic Geography

Author(s): János Péntek
Subject(s): Customs / Folklore
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: Hungarians living in Moldova; csángó; linguistic geography; the origin of Hungarians living in Moldova; the etymology of the a csángó name; hyperonyma

Summary/Abstract: The main works of Hungarian linguistic geography published in the 20th century, especially the Moldavian Csángó Dialect Atlas and The Atlas of the Hungarian Dialects in Transylvania made possible the clarification of some primordial problems about the Hungarians in Moldova. It became obvious that there is a typological correspondence between the archaic group’s dialect and the Transylvanian Plain dialect, since the archaic group of the Hungarians in Moldova originate from the Transylvanian Plain. Meanwhile the largest group can be considered of Szekler provenance. The name csángó was used for denoting the archaic group as a pejorative name and later through generalization it referred to all Hungarians living in Moldova or living in the (eastern) peripheries of the Hungarian speaking area. Using geographical linguistic and sociolinguistic arguments, the article explicates the etymology of the name csángó. It was a pejorative nickname used by the Szekler group to point to the members of the archaic group. The nickname comes from the most largely used verb csinál ‘make, do’ (csán in dialectal form). This kind of pejorative exonym is well-known in the specialized literature. Such names are Moken and Digo, or the name referring to French people in Maori: wiiwii.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: II
  • Page Range: 15-25
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Hungarian