Max Dvorak's Concept of the History of Art as the History of the Spirit II Cover Image

Max Dvorak's Concept of the History of Art as the History of the Spirit II

Author(s): Antanas Andrijauskas
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Visuomeninė organizacija »LOGOS«
Keywords: Max Dvorak; history of art; methodological principles of art; formalism

Summary/Abstract: The article focuses on the innovative ideas and methodological principles of art criticism proposed by Max Dvorak (1874-1921), an eminent member of the Austrian school of art criticism. His innovations are based on the exposition and analysis of the drawbacks of formal art criticism methodology. In opposition to formalism, he proposed the approach to art history as to the history of the spirit. According to this, spiritual human needs are primary in the development of art as well as in the whole evolution of mankind. Therefore, the history of art is treated as an aspect of the history of universal spirit. This way, Dvorak not only revived Hegelian ideas concerning art history, but also underlined the significance of cultural, social and other factors for the historical research of art. Later, Dvorak's approach to art history was developed by his followers, F. Antal, O. Benesch, A. Hauser, and by representatives of the Warburg school, E. Panofsky and P. Frankl.

  • Issue Year: 2006
  • Issue No: 49
  • Page Range: 125-136
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Lithuanian