Population Ageing and Its Impact on Labour Force in the South East Europe Countries Cover Image

Старење становништва у земљама југоисточне Европе и последице на радну снагу
Population Ageing and Its Impact on Labour Force in the South East Europe Countries

Author(s): Gordana Vojković, Ivana Magdalenić, Zora Živanović
Subject(s): Regional Geography, Demography and human biology, Human Resources in Economy
Published by: Матица српска
Keywords: population ageing; labour force; implications of ageing; Balkan countries

Summary/Abstract: Population ageing has become an increasing challenge of our time. The process of demographic ageing is more intense in the Balkan countries, some of which have already held the world’s top positions. This paper examines the trends of population ageing in the Balkans and the South East Europe (SEE) countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, FYR of Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Croatia) at the beginning of the 21st century and the cross-country differences in the timing of the ageing process. In addition to the analysis of an overall effect of the main factors, this paper examines the influence of population ageing on labour force in the Balkan countries. There are three factors behind the increases in the share of the population aged 65 and over: declining fertility rates in recent decades which have reduced the relative number of young people, the rise in life expectancy and the cohort of baby boomers over the age of 60. The ageing of the Balkan countries population introduces several major policy challenges. Paper highlights the impact of population ageing on human resources and labor supply.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 148
  • Page Range: 701-713
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English