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Avicenna: Thinking as Self-Awareness

Author(s): Juozas Žilionis
Subject(s): Philosophy of Middle Ages, Middle-East Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Psychology, Psychology of Self
Published by: Visuomeninė organizacija »LOGOS«
Keywords: Avicenna; soul; intellect; thinking; self-awareness; epistemology;

Summary/Abstract: The article analyzes how Avicenna understands human thinking in relation to peculiarities of personas self-awareness. The center of rational soul consists of emotional, sensitive and intellectual parts performing the corresponding functions. By means of these psychic functions man becomes aware of her/ his being as the corporeal and spiritual unity. This awareness grants the continuity and identity of personal experience. In the cognitional process human soul is united with the active intellect and determined by time. Therefore, according to Avicenna, man is understood as being which experiences becoming and strives to the Absolute. The initiative of thinking belongs to the First Principle continuously contemplating His own essence. From this act of contemplation arises everything what exists. Therefore Avicenna treats cosmos as the result of converse movement which urges each separate intellectual substance contemplate on its own being and strive for the self-awareness.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 60
  • Page Range: 67-73
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Lithuanian