Dwelling Conditions In Yugoslav Cities 1945-1955 Cover Image

Stambene prilike u jugoslovenskim gradovima 1945-1955
Dwelling Conditions In Yugoslav Cities 1945-1955

Author(s): Ivana Dobrivojević Tomić
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za savremenu istoriju, Beograd
Keywords: Yugoslavia; Communist Party; urbanization; housing policy

Summary/Abstract: The hastened industrialisation in early socialist Yugoslavia led to de-agrarisation, mass migration and rapid urbanization. Around two million people moved from rural areas to the towns during the period 1945– 1961. The abrupt population increase of towns was not accompanied by the adequate development of infrastructure. One of the most difficult problems was the dramatic shortage of flats. The combination of rapid population growth, slow building and poor quality of housing maintenance led to a constant decrease in the amount of urban dwelling space available to each person. During the mid 50-ties, it became clear that the housing policy has to be changed. The authorities came to the conclusion that the crisis can be solved only by large – scale individual ownership and investing a substantial portion of worker’s wages into housing. However, despite the changes in the housing policy, the construction of the new flats stayed slow and insufficient. Thus, during the mid 60-ties, Yugoslavia was at the very bottom of the European scale by the number of flats bulit per 1 000 inhabitants.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 115-130
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian