The Influence Of The Isonzo Front On Slovenian Littorial And Its Population Cover Image

Uticaj Soškog fronta na zaleđe i slovenačke civile
The Influence Of The Isonzo Front On Slovenian Littorial And Its Population

Author(s): Vladimir Prebilič, Dunja Dobaja
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za savremenu istoriju, Beograd
Keywords: Isonzo front; military law; civilians; camps

Summary/Abstract: The article describes the Italian occupation of the Austrian (Slove nian) territory near the Isonzo (Soca) River in 1915 and its consequences. Italy had the perception that with this action, it liberates „unliberated brot hers“. Following this judgment, Italian side expected warm welcome with the inhabitants, but it never came. The cold reception of the Italian troops, created the suspicions, which later turned to a psychosis of fear, and later a kind of „spy psychosis“. The inhabitants of this area were charged for the espionage and reconnaissance of the Italian front lines for the Austrian side. Such relations provoked violence against the civilians. The establis hing of the Isonzo Front provoked the mass migrations of the local popula tion. Period between 1915 and 1917 was marked with harsh living conditi ons of the population which remained in the area and creation of the camps on both sides from those which were refugees. Although marked as the war which did not directly was related to the civilians, in this area, its consequences have a dramatic effect against the civilian population, couple with violence and breaking of the international military and humanitarian regulations.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 21-40
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Serbian