Karl Marx and his Visio of society – „pedagogy of fear” Cover Image

Karol Marks i jego wizja społeczeństwa – „pedagogika strachu”
Karl Marx and his Visio of society – „pedagogy of fear”

Author(s): Ireneusz, Marian Świtała
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, History, Sociology, History of ideas, Political history, Social history
Published by: Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Keywords: Karl Marx;Friedrich Engels;utopia;socialism;real socialism;society;pedagogy of f ear”;

Summary/Abstract: The author presents a concept of social utopia, which contains a characteristic happy state model, that is not built on the base of ideal communist system, but opposition of capitalism. The word “Utopia” is the name of a fantastic island where the inhabitants leading an ideal life. However, any utopia has a negative impact and is capable of doing a lot of evil, which causes the “pedagogical and social fear”, what causes – in a particular case – of “real socialism”. Marxism repeatedly pointed out throughout the utopian concept and experience of the Bolshevik Revolution. Proved incorrect predictions of Marx. Real socialism has become an anti-utopia execution, denial of noble ideas of socialism. In the context of increasing social and international problems, it is difficult to expect a return of faith in the saving power of communist theory.

  • Issue Year: 4/2011
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 295-308
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Polish