Proposals for Buildings of Railway in Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Part of Croatia, Until The Occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Cover Image

Предлози за изградњу железница у Босни И Херцеговини те делу Хрватске до окупације Босне и Херцеговине
Proposals for Buildings of Railway in Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Part of Croatia, Until The Occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author(s): Ivan Balta
Subject(s): Energy and Environmental Studies, Recent History (1900 till today), Geopolitics
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd

Summary/Abstract: The importance of the proposals and building of the first railway in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia was substantial. Until today, little research was done in it, despite the fact that there are numerous archival and historiographic sources, as well as periodicals, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, as well as in other countries. From the scarce literature, so far these proposals and building of railways in Croatia and Slavonia, and peripherally in Bosnia and Herzegovina, have been studied in the works of Josip Gorničić-Brdovački and Bernard Stulli. A considerable time elapsed between the proposals the realization of the building of railways in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia in the second half of the 19th century. The main argument for connecting these lands was the increased industrialization and the sudden exploitation of forest and mineral resources. This could have been sped up only by building fast transport routes, and in these days, those were railways. The Share Society of the so-called Southern Railways, together with the Vienna and Budapest authorities, tried to include Bosnia and Herzegovina to their concept of railways, despite the fact that the country was part of the Ottoman Empire, and despite different political options directed at Dalmatia, Slavonia, Serbia and others. The main direction was building of the railway between the Danube region to the Adriatic Sea (the ports), in order to facilitate export of products; hence, from Belgrade/Zemun to Rijeka and Zadar or Split. There were disagreements, for example, whether to build over the Military Krajina, Zagreb, and Karlovac, or to take a shorter route through Bosnia and Herzegovina to the sea, even though it needed to pass over the Turkish territory. The first projects for building railways in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are dated to the first half of the 19th century, and the more concrete ones, in 1862 and 1863. The idea will be realized in a couple of years, and the increased exploitation of the mineral wealth of Bosnia and Herzegovina will only begin following the Austro-Hungarian occupation, from 1878. First narrow-track, mostly mountain and mining routes, will be built from the occu- Иван Балта pation, as parts from Brod on Sava to Metković and the Adriatic Sea, going through Doboj, Zenica, Sarajevo, and Mostar, as well as their prongs, from Zenica to Travnik and Jajce, and from Doboj to Tuzla. These were very weak railways, which were only after the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina improved for the transport of passengers as well. Hence, most of the proposals for railways, especially in Bosnia and Herzegovina, will be realized only after the occupation.

  • Issue Year: 2007
  • Issue No: 54
  • Page Range: 222-236
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Serbian