Nature vs. Human: A Modern Trail. Addressing Luc Ferry’s Ecological Discourse to the Social-Critical Theory of Modernity Cover Image
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Nature vs. Human: A Modern Trail. Addressing Luc Ferry’s Ecological Discourse to the Social-Critical Theory of Modernity
Nature vs. Human: A Modern Trail. Addressing Luc Ferry’s Ecological Discourse to the Social-Critical Theory of Modernity

Author(s): Oana Șerban
Subject(s): Philosophy, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Special Branches of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Law
Published by: Институт за изследвания на обществата и знанието при БАН
Keywords: nature; humanism; antihumanism; modernity; subject of law; L. Ferry; R. Descartes; individual

Summary/Abstract: The main aim of this article is to examine the contrast between humanism and anti-humanism as two different modern paradigms of considering the individual’s relation-ship with nature. My thesis is that ecology, as an ideological discourse, reshaped the both the democratic and totalitarian perspectives on humanism and anti-humanism by addressing liberties, self-care, and authenticity in terms of normative laws for environment, health, and the idea of natural-ness. Reconsidering Luc Ferry’s analysis from The New Ecological Order: Tree, Animal, Human, I will explain how a social-critical theory of modernity might be conceived in the terms of humanism and anti-humanism, represented by different ecological discourses whose main contribution was to add to the modern social contract the value of non-human beings, including animals, plants, and natural objects as subjects of law (in their most democratic versions) or to discount the value of humans (in their totalitarian structures), viewing racism, for example, as a clinical, biopolitical, and hence “ecological” discourse. I will argue that this condition is a cultural symptom of the anti-natural attitude of the modern individual.

  • Issue Year: IX/2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 101-108
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: English