Support of Micro and Small Firms by the Tax System Cover Image

Wsparcie mikro i małych przedsiębiorstw przez system podatkowy
Support of Micro and Small Firms by the Tax System

Author(s): Paweł Przepióra
Subject(s): Economy, Business Economy / Management
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego
Keywords: fiscal preferences; small and medium-sized enterprises; public aid for enterprises

Summary/Abstract: Public aid for SME’s evokes many controversy. Politicians generally support this idea.In practice, it is difficult to support all companies, even just the micro and small. Anywaysubjective approach of supporting "per se" a particular group of companies is rather irrationaland inefficient, even if they are e.g. technological companies. Support should rather rewardcertain behaviors of enterprises (incentive approach) or reward enterprises in a specific situationwhich puts the company unfairly disadvantaged (situational approach).Analyzing fiscal preferences in Poland, it is clear that they basically refer to three areas:grant exemptions from income taxes, the possibility of past losses deduction and the exemptionsin Special Economic Zones. Other preferential solutions, known around the world do notexist in the Polish tax system or the scale of their use is marginal. So other preferential taxsolutions for small and medium-sized enterprises should be introduced or not? This questionis difficult to answer. According to researches carried out by Lewiatan Council Tax most ofthe interviewed people are in favor of the lack of tax benefits for the SME sector. Undoubtedly,the introduction of new incentives require reliable calculation of costs and benefits.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 116
  • Page Range: 642-651
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Polish