Roman ‘Soldatenkaiser’ on the Triumphal Rock Reliefs of Shāpūr I – A Reassessment Cover Image

Roman ‘Soldatenkaiser’ on the Triumphal Rock Reliefs of Shāpūr I – A Reassessment
Roman ‘Soldatenkaiser’ on the Triumphal Rock Reliefs of Shāpūr I – A Reassessment

Author(s): Ehsan SHAVAREBI
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Cultural history, Military history, Ancient World
Published by: Instytut Historii i Stosunków Międzynarodowych UPH
Keywords: Shāpūr I; Sasanian rock reliefs; Gordian III; Philip the Arab; Valerian; Uranius Antoninus; Bishāpūr; Dārābgerd

Summary/Abstract: Five rock reliefs surviving in Persis/Fārs province in southern Iran represent the victories of Shāpūr I (241–272 AD), the second Sasanian King of Kings (Šāhānšāh), over the Roman Empire. The three Roman Emperors depicted on these reliefs have traditionally been identified as Gordian III (238–244), Philip I – known as ‘the Arab’ – (244–249) and Valerian I (253–260). From the 1960s onward, new interpretations are presented. In the most recent of these, Uranius Antoninus (253/254) is recognised on three of Shāpūr’s triumphal reliefs. The present paper aims to re-examine these new hypotheses by considering numismatic materials, including a unique gold coin of Shāpūr which bears an image of the same topic accompanying a legend on its reverse.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 47-63
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: English