Zapobieganie chorobom przenoszonym genetycznie –- problem
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Zapobieganie chorobom przenoszonym genetycznie –- problem "„szkody prokreacyjnej”"
Zapobieganie chorobom przenoszonym genetycznie –- problem "„szkody prokreacyjnej”"

Author(s): Marta Soniewicka
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Keywords: reproduction; procreation; harm; PGD; PND; ART; non-identity problem; No-Difference View; The Same Number Quality Claim; the same-number principle; non-person-affecting principle; wrongful life; prenatal harm; preconception harm; law and reproduction

Summary/Abstract: The paper addresses the problem of genotypic prevention, i.e. it poses the question of whether prospective parents may be obliged to prevent the so called reproductive harm, caused by genetically transmitted diseases. First, the paper analyses the harm principle developed by John Stuart Mill. Second, a legal concept of harm is specified, invoking the distinction between a harmful condition and a harmed condition given by Joel Feinberg. It is argued, after Feinberg, that acts of harming must meet some specific conditions, among others there must be a person who is harmed; and either the counterfactual condition or the worsening condition. Third, the conception of prenatal harm and preconception harm is discussed and then distinguished from the so called reproductive harm which is understood as harm caused by giving birth to a person which would be born in a harmful position (with a disability or a disease). The conception of procreative harm” poses a philosophical question concerning the non-identity problem suggested by Derek Parfit and discussed by such philosophers as Buchanan, Wikler, Brock, Daniels, Hare, Reiman, Green, Locke to name only some of them. The non-identity problem undermines the concept of procreative harm, since there is no person harmed by the procreative decision when the only alternative for a particular disabled child was not to be born. These considerations lead to the conclusion that a legal concept of reproductive harm is not justified and that it should be replaced by the idea of moral procreative responsibility in the given context.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 57-58
  • Page Range: 141-164
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Polish