Conditions of Effectiveness of Meeting the Inflation Target by Central Banks Cover Image

Uwarunkowania skuteczności realizacji celu inflacyjnego przez banki centralne
Conditions of Effectiveness of Meeting the Inflation Target by Central Banks

Author(s): Tomasz Grabia
Subject(s): National Economy, Public Finances, Accounting - Business Administration
Published by: Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe
Keywords: inflation; deflation; direct inflation targeting strategy; globalization; zero lower bound, inflacja; deflacja; strategia bezpośredniego celu inflacyjnego; globalizacja; granica zerowych stóp procento

Summary/Abstract: The article aims to identify some determinants associated with the implementation of inflation targeting by central banks in the contemporary world. The following hypothesis was verified: the adoption of the strategy of focusing exclusively on achieving the inflation target allows to meet the target due to the fact that there is no contradiction among tasks faced by central banks. Taking into account the existing legal and institutional conditions, that hypothesis can be put forward for most central banks in Europe. The proposed hypothesis was negatively verified, based on the example of the euro zone and Poland. The article discusses hypothetical problems hindering the effective implementation of inflation targeting by central banks. They included among others: various causes of inflation, changes in the velocity of money, variety of money creation factors, internal and external monetary policy delays, excess liquidity of the banking sector, too expansionary fiscal policy, disintermediation, globalization, as well as zero interest rates boundary. Nowadays special difficulties for central banks are connected with the last two of the above-mentioned problems.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 102
  • Page Range: 187-198
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Polish