Halford Mackinder and Germany: between threat and role model Cover Image

Халфорд Макиндер и Немачка: између узора и претње
Halford Mackinder and Germany: between threat and role model

Author(s): Miloš Vojinović
Subject(s): Historical Geography, International relations/trade, 19th Century
Published by: Центар за хуманистичке науке »Синтезис«
Keywords: British Empire; Germany; Imperialism; geopolitics; geography; Mitteleuropa; Weltpolitik;

Summary/Abstract: This paper examines political and scientific ideas of Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) British geog-rapher, academic and politician. The paper offers a thesis that the most useful way for understand-ing Mackinder’s ideas is to trace their development in context of rising German economy, decline of British industry together with change of Mackinder’s personal view on Germany and his lifelong dedication to prosperity of British Empire. During his carrier German Empire and German scientists represented the most important influence on his work, both scientific and political. Mackinder felt that Prussian army owed its success to German geographers. He compared Heinrich Berghaus, Carl Ritter and Alexander von Humboldt with Otto von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder and Albrecht von Roon. Indicating on German example, Mack-inder wanted to change study of geography in Great Britain…. This research tried to point out how British Empire’s needs shaped science and how one British intellectual reacted to decline of Great Britain in time when Empire’s future didn’t look bright, what was probably best described by Joseph Chamberlain when he described country’s strength as “The weary Titan staggers under too vast orb of his fate”.

  • Issue Year: V/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 65-100
  • Page Count: 36
  • Language: Serbian