Methodological Naturalism in Science — the Theist’s Dilemma Cover Image

Naturalizm metodologiczny w nauce — dylemat teisty
Methodological Naturalism in Science — the Theist’s Dilemma

Author(s): Andrzej Zabołotny
Subject(s): Philosophy of Science
Published by: Instytut Filozofii, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
Keywords: methodological naturalism; ontological naturalism; theism; science; religion; causal closure of the universe

Summary/Abstract: Science is considered by many to be a specific human project, the purpose of which is to gain knowledge about the universe without any reference to supernatural realities. This approach may cause a dilemma for Christian scientists: how should one integrate theistic convictions with the prevailing naturalism of scientific practice? The usual way to solve this problem is to claim that naturalism is only a purely methodological principle of science. In this article a few different ways of understanding naturalism are considered, together with their philosophical consequences. It is suggested that the supposedly merely methodological principle has significant ontological components, which do not allow any direct actions of God in physical reality. In the last section, two different weaker versions of naturalism are suggested, which allow theists to affirm science’s aim to investigate the natural world, without contradicting the basic tenets of Christian theology.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 13
  • Page Range: 25-48
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Polish