Bronze Age Fauna from
Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului (Wietenberg culture) Cover Image

Bronze Age Fauna from Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului (Wietenberg culture)
Bronze Age Fauna from Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului (Wietenberg culture)

Author(s): Valentin Radu, Adrian Bălășescu, Mădălina Voicu, Monica Mărgărit
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Editura Cetatea de Scaun
Keywords: archaeozoology; Wietenberg culture; hard animal materials industry;Bronze Age;

Summary/Abstract: The analysis of the fauna from Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului reveals that livestock farming played an important role for the Wietenberg community here. Therefore, cattle are the most numerous, irrespective of how we quantify them (NR, MNI and W). They were exploited mainly for meat, milk and its derivates but also for traction. Suides and caprines share the second place. While pigs were raised exclusively for meat, fat, etc., the sheep and goats were exploited in a mixed manner, both for meat and milk and its derivatives. The horse, although it shows a small percentage, was used for mobility, its workforce (traction) and it was also consumed in terms of food. Hunting also shows a small percentage, its importance is extremely low given the number ostheological remains and species (only 4). A comparison with other Wietenberg sites (Derșida and Cauce Cave) which have benefited of archaeozoology studies on relatively large assemblages – over 450 specifically determined ostheological remains – shows an extraordinarily diverse situation that does not allow us at this stage of research to portray this culture in a more pertinent way. The hard animal material industry of the Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului settlement includes a total of 10 items, the majority being finite products: pointed and bevelled tools, skate etc.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 13
  • Page Range: 187-212
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: English