Rediscovering Kant through Foucault in the Perspective of the Ontology of Actuality and the Reality of Philosophy Cover Image
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Преоткривайки Кант през Фуко с взор към онтологията на актуалността и реалността на философията
Rediscovering Kant through Foucault in the Perspective of the Ontology of Actuality and the Reality of Philosophy

Author(s): Valentin Kanawrow
Subject(s): History of Philosophy, Metaphysics
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: Kant; Foucault, critique; thinking; Aufklärung; ontology of actuality; reality of philosophy

Summary/Abstract: Foucault tenaciously insists that his philosophy be viewed as a continuation of Kant’s critical philosophizing. But he sharply distinguishes the critical philosophy as an analytics of truth from the subjective critical thinking of the individual philosopher. Thus, Foucault makes a double error: he eliminates the heuristic metaphysical element of the transcendental conceptuality and he turns his back to the productive synthetic character of Kant’s critique. Foucault subjectifies the critique to the extreme, as he totally excludes from it the transcendence and the formal power of thinking. According to him, philosophy does not search for the truth about things. Its reality is reduced to ascesis, and the only thing left to the philosopher is truthful public speech. Thus, Foucault has no right to regard himself as a continuer of Kant’s critique. In Kant, the ontology of actuality is transcendental, and the reality of philosophy is Enlightenment itself, above all as a product of ontologically constitutive formal critical thinking.

  • Issue Year: XXVI/2017
  • Issue No: 2-3
  • Page Range: 45-62
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Bulgarian