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The Evolution of Economic Theory during the Twentieth Century
The Evolution of Economic Theory during the Twentieth Century

Author(s): Zoya Mladenova
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Институт за икономически изследвания при Българска академия на науките

Summary/Abstract: The paper deals with the development of economic theory during the XX century. It aims to present some of the main steps and achievements of economic thought in the last century. Sharing the vision, that pluralism is the principal characteristics of the development of the XX century economic theory, the author successively analyses the orthodox and heterodox schools of thought. The focus is on the neoclassical school – a leading economic stream (the so-called Mainstream) in the XX century and undoubtedly so at the end of the century. The new accomplishments in methodology and theory (Microeconomics, Macroeconomics) within the boundaries of neoclassicism are being explored. From the heterodox schools of thought the author directs attention towards two of them – Institutionalism and Marxism. A number of questions in respect to Marxism and its destiny after the collapse of socialism are being raised. In the conclusion the author points out, that towards the end of the century there is a clear trend towards greater interaction and exchange of ideas between the main theoretical schools (orthodox, heterodox), which trend will influence the development of economic theory in the future. JEL: В22; В24; В25

  • Issue Year: 2006
  • Issue No: 7
  • Page Range: 49-71
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: English