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"Juliusz i Ethel" – historia małżeństwa Rosenbergów w dramacie Leona Kruczkowskiego z 1954 roku. Elementy dyskursu antywojennego w literaturze polskiej we wczesnych latach 50.
"Julius and Ethel" – The History of the Rosenbergs’ Marriage in the Drama of 1954 by Leon Kruczkowski. Elements of the Anti-War Discourse in the Polish Literature of the Early

Author(s): Marcin Wieczorek
Subject(s): Cultural history, Studies of Literature
Published by: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
Keywords: anti-war discourse; socialist realism; the Rosenbergs’ case; atomic bomb; Cold War; peace movement; anti-war movement; right wing; left wing; communism; Polish literature of the 1950s; Polish drama

Summary/Abstract: The text discusses the play about the last hours of life of the Rosenbergs titled Juliusand Ethel, the history of the trial, passing the sentence and the execution of Julius and EthelRosenbergs carried out on June 19, 1953. Besides Senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy’s“witch-hunt”, this is the second most famous example of the American anti-communistatmosphere of the early 1950s, which led to the crisis of the democratic order and itsinstitutions in the United States. The case took place at the beginning of the Cold Wardivision of the world and the nuclear arms race, which put the world on the brink of selfdestruction.For the US radicals and the left-wing intellectuals, the Rosenbergs belonging to the US Communist Party are victims of the right-wing witch-hunt, creating anti-communistatmosphere, however they are also perceived as patrons of antiwar movements, precursors ofthe nuclear weapons opponents movement (the espionage, which they had never confessedto was to concern passing secrets about the US nuclear weapons programs to the Russians).For conservative America this will be a story about the efficiency of the legal, politicaland moral system facing a real threat in the fight against communism – dangerous for theentire civilized democratic world.How does the socialist realism work by Leon Kruczkowski appear against this background?

  • Issue Year: 456/2017
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 53-68
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Polish