The Present Forms of the Verb býti to be in Baroque Czech Cover Image

Prézentní formy slovesa býti v češtině barokní doby
The Present Forms of the Verb býti to be in Baroque Czech

Author(s): Pavel Kosek
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Nakladatelství Karolinum
Keywords: development of Czech Language; Czech language of the Baroque era; historical linguistics; verb býti “to be”

Summary/Abstract: The aim of the article is to analyze present forms of the verb byti “to be” in Baroque Czech. The author analyzed data given in old grammars of Czech, diachronic corpora and a personal corpus of Baroque Czech texts. The author found that: 1) the analyzed texts contain just one dialectal form (2. ps. sg. seš “you are”), 2) the distribution of the short form of the 2. Ps. Sg. s “you are” is not restricted to the auxiliary function, 3) the main form of 3. Ps. Sg. is jest “he/she/it is”, while the form je is rare, 4) the distribution of the initial j is unstable (jsem × sem “I am”, jsi × si “you are” …): only the texts that belong to the high style (such as translations of biblical texts) distinguish between forms including js- in the lexical function and forms including s- in the auxiliary function.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 105-117
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Czech