What is the Role of the Elders of Israel in Texts Depicting the Epoch of Moses? Cover Image

Jaką rolę odgrywają starsi Izraela w tekstach przedstawiających epokę Mojżesza?
What is the Role of the Elders of Israel in Texts Depicting the Epoch of Moses?

Author(s): Janusz Nawrot
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Comparative Studies of Religion, History of Judaism, Biblical studies, History of Religion
Published by: Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza
Keywords: The Bible; Old Testament; the elders of Israel; Moses; Joshua;

Summary/Abstract: The article presents the importance attributed to the term “the elders of Israel” by biblical authors. Exegesis of the relevant passages reveals in this expression some kind of social elite, separated from the rest of the common crowd, which, however, does not undertake any initiatives on its own, remaining absolutely faithful to the leader of the people and supporting him in action for the good of the community. Elected by the congregation for the purpose of organizing life within the community they also perform some ritual functions. As representatives of a sinful people before God, on behalf of that people “the elders of Israel” beg forgiveness for transgressions and by unquestionable obedience become guarantors of Israel’s courage in difficult circumstances. In situations of rebellion they also, as guardians of God’s law, manifest the value of all of God’s commandments. As participants of exceptional events they become a link between the secular community and the holiness of God.

  • Issue Year: 27/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 117-138
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Polish