“Great Saint Mary Set a Big Table…” Cover Image

Nagy Szent Mária egy nagy asztalt terített…A hegyen végzett lóáldozat és a betegségdémonok megvendégelése egy különös ráolvasócsoportban
“Great Saint Mary Set a Big Table…”

Author(s): György Takács
Subject(s): Customs / Folklore
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: shamanism; incantations; popular beliefs; horse sacrifice; Hungarian and Romanian folklore; Csángós of Gyimes

Summary/Abstract: We know a strange kind of incantations in the traditions of the Csángós of Gyimes, the valley of Úz, Moldva and in that of the Szeklers in the village Kibéd, which is about ’setting a big table’, that is holding a feast for the demons carrying the various abscesses, ulcers, nodes – sometimes depicted as horse sacrifi ce on top of mountains. The host – who offers up a white horse – in these texts is usually the Blessed Virgin Mary. There’re about two dozen variations of these incantations known from the Hungarian folklore, both of Hungarian and Romanian language. But the Romanians also have some versions of their own. With regards to the history of the area’s settlements and population, as well as to the Hungarians’ and their relatives, the Ugric and Turkic nations’ shamanistic habits, we can point out, that these texts came into the Romanian folklore from the traditions of the turkish ethnic groups (Huns, Avars, Bulaks, Pechenegs, Cumans, Tatars) appearing around the Carpathians, or from the Hungarian tradition. Then it got back from them to the Hungarian groups having close connection with them for centuries.

  • Issue Year: LXXIV/2012
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 46-84
  • Page Count: 39
  • Language: Hungarian