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Političke posledice izborne reforme
Political Ramifications of Electoral Legislation

Author(s): Milan Jovanović
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Nova srpska politička misao
Keywords: electoral systems; electoral unit; threshold; transposing votes into mandates; political ramifications of electoral legislation; electoral reforms;

Summary/Abstract: The author analyses electoral systems as a rule of decision-making and representation and points to the problems in classifying different kinds of majority and proportional electoral systems. The author emphasises the electoral unit, the threshold, the manner of voting and the formula for transposing votes into mandates as the elements of the electoral system which have the greatest political influence on the political consequences of the electoral system, party system, parliament, government, etc. Interpreting Duverger’s, Rea’s, Lijphart’s, Sartori’s and Nohlen’s electoral determinism, the author points to the theoretical and empirical argumentation of the consequences of different electoral systems, their advantages and shortcomings. Simplicity, participation, aggregation, effectiveness and legitimacy – are the criteria in evaluating the expected and real consequences of the electoral system that the author uses to compare different electoral models, emphasising that electoral reforms are partial, party-motivated, lacking clear aims, all of which results in a combination of contradictory elements that produce effects opposite to those desired.

  • Issue Year: 9/2002
  • Issue No: 01+04
  • Page Range: 7-47
  • Page Count: 40
  • Language: Serbian