On the origin and semantics of the verb патити in the Bulgarian language Cover Image
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За произхода и семантиката на глагола патити в българския език
On the origin and semantics of the verb патити in the Bulgarian language

Author(s): Tatyana Lekova
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics, Applied Linguistics, Lexis, Semantics, Historical Linguistics, Comparative Linguistics, Philology
Published by: Софийски университет »Св. Климент Охридски«
Keywords: Greek borrowings; the Balkan Latinate lexical base; etymology; semantics; Bulgarian historical lexicology

Summary/Abstract: The paper reviews the different hypotheses on the origin of the verb патя and its derivatives. The analysis applies a number of approaches: formal, semantic, synchronic and areal-georgraphic. The verb is compared to its cognates in Romanian păţi, Aromanian pat, Albanian pësoj, pësonj, Macedonian пати, and Serbo-Croatian пàтити. The forms and uses of the verb in medieval documents are traced. The research aims to answer the question whether the vulgar Latin *patīre < classical Latin pătior or the Greek πάσχω, παθαίνω is the more likely prototype or source for the Bulgarian verb. The hypothesis is formulated that the verb and its derivatives in Bulgarian, as well as in some other Balkan and South- Slavic languages, cannot be traced to a uniform, single source of origin and should be interpreted as belonging to different temporal layers of borrowings.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 37-53
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Bulgarian