THEORY OF TEXT ORGANIZATION IN THE WORKS OF ROLAND BARTHES AND JACQUES DERRIDA: GENDER PERSPECTIVE Cover Image

ТЕОРИЯ ТЕКСТА В РАБОТАХ РОЛАНА БАРТА И ЖАКА ДЕРРИДА: ГЕНДЕРНЫЙ АСПЕКТ
THEORY OF TEXT ORGANIZATION IN THE WORKS OF ROLAND BARTHES AND JACQUES DERRIDA: GENDER PERSPECTIVE

Author(s): Anton Sergeevich Afanasev
Subject(s): Philosophy, Language and Literature Studies, Gender Studies, Studies of Literature, Special Branches of Philosophy, Sociology, Philosophy of Language, Methodology and research technology, Social development, Sociology of Culture
Published by: Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Keywords: text; femininity; “women’s letter”; R. Barthes; J. Derrida;

Summary/Abstract: The paper is devoted to the important problem of contemporary humanitarian knowledge, such as development of the methodology for analysis of the literary text in gender perspective. The subject of analysis is the theory of text organization, which was set out in the articles of R. Barthes “The Pleasure of Text” (1973) and J. Derrida “Spurs: Nietzsche’s Styles” (1978). These works of the French scientists, according to our opinion, provide theoretical backgrounds of the above-stated methodology. In both cases, the notion of “women’s letter” is not associated by literary critics with the biological gender of the person who created the text, thereby being rather the result and projection of the author’s consciousness. The analysis revealed that R. Barthes considers physicality and poetics of rupture as characteristics of “women’s writing”. According to R. Barthes, the text is the body (and the body is the text) possessing integrity. However, the reader finds pleasure in the text due to the tear, infringement of its integrity, as well as implications. J. Derrida speaks about its unconscious character, plurality, and parody. Femininity is understood by him in another way, i.e., as allowing to work with the reality, exposing and destroying the traditional cultural stereotypes.