Tendencies of the Accentuation of -(t)inis, -(t)inė Stem Nouns in the Subdialects of the Southern Aukštaitian and Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius Cover Image

Priesagų -(t)inis, -(t)inė daiktavardžių kirčiavimo polinkiai pietų aukštaičių ir rytų aukštaičių vilniškių šnektose
Tendencies of the Accentuation of -(t)inis, -(t)inė Stem Nouns in the Subdialects of the Southern Aukštaitian and Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius

Author(s): Vilija Ragaišienė
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas Švietimo akademija
Keywords: nouns with -(t)inis; -(t)inė stems; derivative; accentuation; variance; accent variant; stress paradigm; basic word; areal spread

Summary/Abstract: The article is concerned with the accentuation of derivatives with the -(t)inis, -(t)inė stems used in the subdialects of the Southern Aukštaitian and Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius. The aim of the study is to explain the laws and tendencies of the accentuation of these nouns, to describe their geographical spread and the intensity of their usage, and to establish possible causes of the appearance of accent variants. The material under study consists of over a hundred -(t)inis, -(t)inė stem nouns. The data was mostly collected from 1988–2007 audio recordings of the subdialects of the Southern Aukštaitian and Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius at the Archive of Dialects of the Lithuanian Language Institute, published dictionaries and texts of the subdialects, the Lithuanian Language Dictionary and its supplementary card index. Two things demonstrate the uneven spread and the intensity of the usage of the -(t)inis, -(t)inė stem derivatives in the subdialects under study. Firstly, about half of these nouns are found in the whole area; while the rest have been recorded in one, some or several subdialects. Secondly, the main stress variant of derivatives stressed in several ways is found in the whole area of the dialects of the Southern Aukštaitian and Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius, while those with parallel stress only in separate subdialects. In some cases, prevalence in different areas is characteristic of accentual parallels of nouns stressed in several ways. One accentual paradigm can be characteristic of these derivatives in the Southern Aukštaitian area while a different one in the subdialects of the Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius. The southwestern part of the Southern Aukštaitian area is distinguished by numerous forms in the same subdialect that are stressed in two ways; the area coincides with the established centre of the variance of declined words and makes up part of the area where the place names that have kept the stress in the -ius ending are spread. It is possible that the variance of the stress of the southwestern part of the South Eastern Aukštaitian can be an old language phenomenon.

  • Issue Year: 14/2012
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 116-123
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Lithuanian