Justice In Liberal And Agonistic Perspectives Cover Image

Pravednost u liberalnoj i agonističkoj perspektivi
Justice In Liberal And Agonistic Perspectives

Author(s): Vesna R. Stanković Pejnović
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Универзитет у Нишу
Keywords: liberalism; justice; Nietzsche; Arendt; Schmitt

Summary/Abstract: Modern liberal democracies have been established on the principles of majority rule, the rule of law, and social justice. Liberals strive for freedom without coercion as a fundamental aspect of liberty because they have no confidence in power and they justify neutrality itself with justice, which is based on equal treatment of all individuals. According to the liberal approach, the neutrality of the public sphere offers equal opportunities to every individual. The agonistic perspective, which emphasizes the necessity of conflict and struggle, believes that democracy is a form of degradation of organized force and that institutionality entraps people. In a neutral and impartial public sphere, liberals do not consider rights as something that states "give" to its members, but as a limit which the state and its legal systemmust not exceed. The aim of this paper is to show that, although liberalism is aimed atpermanently maintaining the established set of norms and limiting power, the agonistic approach reveals the limitations of liberalism through struggle for self-realization and emphasis that being political means abandoning the security of status quo. Philosophers such as Nietzsche, Arendt, and Schmitt found that active politics must be fundamentally "agonistic", based on the display of power and not its restriction because within its scope diversity is gathered in a joint action with the aim of promoting its goals and opposing various perspectives, whereas legislative and institutional basis must only be a framework for the articulated space of freedom. The artificial world of laws and institutionsis limited because it has no politics of negotiations and arguments. To achieve justice is to achieve self-realization through reestablished autonomy of the public sphere and political action. Equality of power should be the basis of the idea of justice.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 03
  • Page Range: 1329-1348
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Serbian