Companiile militare și de securitate private: veriga lipsă din noua paradigmă de securitate irakiană?
Private Military Security Companies – Missing Link in the New Iraqi Security Paradigm?
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Carol I National Defence University Publishing House
Keywords: PMSCs; the Iraqi Army; state reconstruction; Security Sector Reform; Mosul; ISIS
Summary/Abstract: At the end of May 2015, U.S. government announced its intention to boost the number of Private Military Contractors in Iraq, according to the Professional Overseas Contractors website, as part of the White House’s growing effort to drive away the Islamic State that is threatening the Iraqi capital. Paradoxically, this decision has been made at a moment when Iraq has 600'000 security forces, is spending every year approximately 7 billion dollars on defense and there is an international Coalition that is supporting the security forces to counter ISIS, even though mainly aerial.While the literature of last 12 years on Iraq has paid a lot of attention on the legal or ethical use of Private Military Contractors in this country, this paper attempts to identify if the presence of PMSCs in post-Saddam Iraq has affected the reconstruction of the Iraqi Army, by looking at the role they played starting with the very moment when former Iraqi Army had been dismantled, until Mosul moment, in June 2014.
- Issue Year: 57/2015
- Issue No: 4
- Page Range: 29-45
- Page Count: 17
- Language: Romanian