The spectra of Daniel Jones' cardinal vowels Cover Image

Danielo Joneso kardinalinių balsių spektrinės charakteristikos
The spectra of Daniel Jones' cardinal vowels

Author(s): Jurgita Jaroslavienė, Lidija Kaukėnienė
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Phonetics / Phonology
Published by: Vilniaus Universiteto Leidykla
Keywords: vowel; spectral features; acoustic characteristics of vowels; articulating vowels

Summary/Abstract: The number of studies, which not only analyze the acoustic and articulation characteristics of the vowels, pronounced in an isolated way in different Lithuanian dialects, but also discuss the relation between the said vowels with the vowel quality references, pronounced in the same way, i. e. D. Jones’s cardinal vowels, increases each year. However in the said studies the examination of spectrum of the isolated vowels of the dialects is performed with the help of the PRAAT computer sound analysis programe, developed by P. Boersma and D. Weenink and the meanings of formants of D. Jones’s cardinal vowels, taken from W. Jassem’s study of acoustic phonetics are identified by employing an older methodology. The article aims at, by employing the newest sound analysis programme PRAAT, examination and description of the acoustic and articulation characteristics of D. Jones’s isolated cardinal vowels, comparing the spectrums of the primary cardinal vowels, pronounced by even and variable intonation and discussing the differences between the new data on cardinal vowels and those, presented by W. Jassem. The study employs the records, obtained from A. Girdenis, on which the isolated cardinal vowels are pronounced by D. Jones himself in a neutral and the primary cardinal – in a rising and falling intonation. Comparing the new results with W. Jassem’s data, the conclusion can be made that the meanings of the first formants of D. Jones’s isolated cardinal vowels, studied by employing different methods are more or less different. It is possible that W. Jassem used other records or the quality of records adversely changed during the quite a long period of time elapsed. In any case, when comparing the vowels of specific languages or dialects with the cardinal ones, one should also take into consideration both the older measurements of spectrograms and those, referred here.

  • Issue Year: 1/2004
  • Issue No: 53
  • Page Range: 25-38
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Lithuanian