Ottoman Documents on Rüstem Pasha’s Vakif and Double Lease (Icāreteyn) in Belgrade Cover Image

Турски документи о Рустем-пашином вакуфу и „двоструком закупу“ (İcāreteyn) у Београду
Ottoman Documents on Rüstem Pasha’s Vakif and Double Lease (Icāreteyn) in Belgrade

Author(s): Aleksandar Fotić
Subject(s): History
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd
Keywords: Belgrade; Rüstem Pasha endowment; double lease (icāreteyn); Ottoman documents

Summary/Abstract: Group of Ottoman documents from Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna (MS 3574) confirm that grand vizier Rüstem Pasha (1544–1553, 1555–1561) endowed shops, lots assigned for shops and a hammam called Orta Hammam. The income was spent for the benefit of the vakıf of Enlightened Medine. Documents cover the period from 1603 to 1684. They also give us more light on the “double leasing” (icāreteyn) of shops and vakıf lots. Although it is not on the line with Sharia, this special way of leasing was aloud as its advantages for the city economy were obvious. It was crucial for recovering of town endowments especially in 17th century. This kind of long time (lifetime, even hereditary) lease on ninety years motivated leaseholder to repair and improve the shop on his own. For the first time we have the proof that “double lease” was accepted at the beginning of the 17th century in one Balkan town. The double lease for Rüstem Pasha’s vakıf lots on which private shops were built, consisted of 1000–5000 akçes paid at the moment when contract was concluded (icāre-i mu‘accele) and of one akçe a day periodical rent (icāre-i mü’eccele).

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 31
  • Page Range: 75-108
  • Page Count: 34
  • Language: Serbian