Natural Law Theory according to Thomas Aquinas Cover Image

Teória prirodzeného zákona podľa Tomáša Akvinského
Natural Law Theory according to Thomas Aquinas

The Specification in Perspective of Possibility to Sustain the Universality As Well As the Difference

Author(s): Andrea Blaščíková
Subject(s): Philosophy, Social Sciences, Political Philosophy, Social Philosophy, Theology and Religion, Philosophy of Middle Ages, Philosophy of Law
Published by: Teologická fakulta Trnavskej univerzity
Keywords: natural law;Thomas Aquinas;universal and derived precepts;

Summary/Abstract: The paper enounces a renewed interest in Thomas’s theory of natural law in the context of contemporary moral-philosophical scene. It presents several reasons of this turn as well as reasons of its only a partial success. Further, it pursues how the Thomas’s natural law theory can sustain the platform of universality in ethical values, at the same time respecting the historicity and the diversity of subjects and cultures. It shows the neglected difference between the permanent universal and variable derived precepts. Universal principles guarantee the possibility of the agreement in the most universal values. Derived precepts, referring the principles to the unrepeatable circumstances and allowing the graduality of man’s progression in moral life, guarantee the possibility of difference. Finally, the paper concludes that the Thomas’s natural law conception offers the vision of how people as rational beings can arrive to mutual comprehension concerning the most important aspects of the good and the evil, sustaining the cultural differences in which they differ.

  • Issue Year: 3/2012
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 15-27
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Slovak