The gentry of the Laudanian region, its Polish language today and in the past Cover Image

Szlachta laudańska i jej polszczyzna dawniej i dziś
The gentry of the Laudanian region, its Polish language today and in the past

Author(s): Anna Zielińska, Zofia Sawaniewska-Mochowa
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Instytut Slawistyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Keywords: yeomanry; Lithuanian region of the Lauda/Liaudë river; the Polish language in Lithuania; history; presence

Summary/Abstract: The subject of the research is the Lithuanian region on the Lauda/Liaudë river, that was inhabited before the Second World War mostly by the members of the yeo manry with Polish national identity. The densest yeomanry communities were situated in the area between Pacunele/Pociűnëliai, Wodokty/Vadaktai and Krakinów/Krekenava. In spite of social disintegration processes, Lauda/Liaudë still remains a sort of „laboratory” for the researchers who are interested in ethnic.historical issues and who describe regional variants of the Polish language used by the yeomanry. The specific features of the region are documented by various sources, archival materials, historical theories concerning the origin of the Lauda/Liaudë yeomanry, as well as by the onomastic data. The research on language of the social group is connected with the wider topic of the yeomanry’ cultural heritage which is preserved in the mentality and everyday life of the Northeastern Borderland yeomanry descendants. The description of the yeomanry’ culture in its contemporary functioning is the key to achieve the understanding of the social distinction of the Lauda/Liaudë region, stereotypes that prevail there, ways of behaviour and linguistic choices of its inhabitants. The field research, that was made in the Lauda/Liaudë region in 1999 y., has be. come the basis for the description, in which we broadly use the method of the biographical interview that was applied earlier in sociology and ethnology. We collected oral testimonies from 21 informants in the form of records. We also use written sources such as memoirs, letters, folklore collections and informants’ own works, i.e. the materials that we managed to find in the family archives of the Lauda/Liaudë yeomanry descendants.

  • Issue Year: 2005
  • Issue No: 29
  • Page Range: 69-85
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Polish