Structure of Social Attitudes Based on Lexical Approach in Serbian-Speaking Area Cover Image

Struktura socijalnih stavova baziranih na leksičkom pristupu na srpskom govornom području
Structure of Social Attitudes Based on Lexical Approach in Serbian-Speaking Area

Author(s): Janko Međedović, Boban Petrović
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Sociološko udruženje Srbije i Crne Gore
Keywords: lexical approach; social attitudes; structure of attitudes; "-isms"

Summary/Abstract: Although usually applied in the field of personality psychology, in the last decade there were attempts of applying the lexical paradigm in the studies social attitudes studies. One of those attempts was made by Saucier (2000), who included and analyzed all the words ending with the suffix “-ism”. The product of this analyze is a two-form instrument called ’’Survey of Dictionary-Based Isms (SDI)’’, with its long, 40-item version, and brief, 28-item version. This instrument measures four main dimensions of basic social attitudes: alphaisms (traditional and religious sources of authority), betaisms (dismissing political correctness), gammaisms (believing in Western democracy) and deltaisms (personal spirituality). Until now, this instrument was only used in English-speaking area, and therefore the objective of this research was evaluation and validation of Saucier’s basic structure of social attitudes model in the Serbian-speaking area. In this research, conducted on the sample of 253 participants, both sexes, average age of 39.3 years (SD=14.9), a slightly shortened version of Saucier’s 24-item questionnaire was used. The results of this study contribute to the hypothesis of a universal structure of basic social attitudes: the factor analysis extracted four factors, which correlate from moderate to high level with the original dimensions. However, the structure and content of the factors pointed to a strong cultural influence on the forming and shaping the basic social attitudes. Practically, only the first factor, Religiosity, is a full replication of the original alpha factor. Other items built the factors somewhat different from the original: Hedonism, Rational Spirituality and Nationalism. The results show a better fitness of the model obtained in this study for the Serbian-speaking area compared to the original one.

  • Issue Year: 53/2011
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 195-212
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Serbian