The Archaeological Legacy of the Hungarian Colonizers Cover Image

A honfoglaló magyarok régészeti hagyatéka
The Archaeological Legacy of the Hungarian Colonizers

Author(s): László Révész
Subject(s): History, Middle Ages
Published by: Korunk Baráti Társaság
Keywords: land-taking; Hungarian; archaeological legacy; burial; burial-ground;

Summary/Abstract: Hungarian colonizers have been extraordinarily diverse in their ethnicity, economic strategies and social stratification - a fact also reflected by their archaeological legacy and the structure of their burial-grounds. The deceased have been buried in formal attire, men lying alongside their weapons, emblems of dignity and fire starting kits, and women alongside even smaller person-al articles. The rites performed during the funeral ceremony reflect the variety of their religious beliefs. No grave of any Hungarian Grand Prince has been found yet. Some members of the trib-al aristocracy lie in family burial grounds containing 4-8 graves, richly bejewelled women and small children lying alongside men buried with their emblems of dignity. The ar-chaeological legacy of 10th century free people has been preserved in burial-grounds consisting of 15-30-60-100 graves. The economic status of the buried, reflected by their weapons, jewellery and clothing ornaments, also depended on their way of life - graves from agrarian villages contain much less archaeological data than the burial grounds of communities dealing with animal husbandry. The number of graves is also determined by the population of the settlement and by the duration the burial-ground has been used.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 08
  • Page Range: 31-41
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Hungarian