The Presentation of the Albanian Kingdom Politics towards the Balkan Conferences according to the Daily Press Cover Image
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Pasqyrimi nё Shtyp i Politikës sё Mbretërisë Shqiptare ndaj Konferencave Ballkanike
The Presentation of the Albanian Kingdom Politics towards the Balkan Conferences according to the Daily Press

Author(s): Esilda Luku
Subject(s): Interwar Period (1920 - 1939)
Published by: Instituti Albanologjik i Prishtinës
Keywords: Presentation of the Albanian Kingdom Politics ; Balkan Conferences ; Daily Press

Summary/Abstract: The Albanian Kingdom supported the initiative of the French diplomat Aristide Briand for the pan-Balkan unity, aimed at avoiding the influence of the Great Powers and maintaining the political sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Balkan states. They materialized the political cooperation in the organization of the Balkan Conferences (1930- 1933), attended by delegations from six countries: Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey, Yugoslavia and Romania. The works of the conferences were focused on issues, such as: the unification of legislation in the Balkans; the expansion of the agricultural and industrial trade; the panBalkan intellectual cooperation; the harmonization of social and health policy, the development of communications and tourism in the Balkans. The delegates paid special attention to the meetings of the Political Committee, which pointed out the contradictory attitudes of the Balkan countries to the problem of protection of minorities. The Albanian chief delegate, Mehmet Konica, insisted on respecting the rights of the Albanian minority in Yugoslavia and Greece, in conformity with the international treaties on minorities, noting the obligation of the neighboring countries too, as members of the League of Nations. Also, the discussions in the committee revealed Belgrade concern for a possible intervention of Italy in the Balkans based on the Albanian-Italian treaties. In particular, the argument of the political orientation of Albania, referring to the connection with the Italian government, was used by the Prime Minister of Greece, Caldaris, to justify the exclusion of the Albanian Kingdom from the Balkan Federation. The Albanian delegation was not invited to attend the ceremony of signing of the Balkan Pact, in Athens, on February 9, 1934. The isolation of Albania in the regional context, preventing its accession to the Balkan Entente was not only due to the pressure of the fascist Italy towards the Balkan states, but also in the interests of the neighbors, for an unconsolidated Albanian state, a fact that facilitated the accomplishment of their goals.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 45
  • Page Range: 165-182
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Albanian