Asylum and Refugee Law in Hungary Cover Image

Menekültek Magyarországon a jogi szabályozás tükrében
Asylum and Refugee Law in Hungary

Author(s): Judit Tóth
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Pannonhalmi Főapátság
Keywords: human rights; humanitarian law; European Community; enlarged Europe

Summary/Abstract: The author summarises the three major pillars of the regulation on asylum and refugee status in Hungary. Beyond the historical examples on protective gestures provided by kings during the medieval kingdom of Hungary, the article describes the most relevant components of refugee law in force. The first stratum of the regulation is formed by the international commitments derived from human rights, humanitarian law, regonal and bilateral agreements. The new level of provisions is coming from memebership of Hungary in the EU that has developed a gradually unified area of asylum through traditional agrements, primary and secondary European community rules, in principles of exclusion of abusive applicants, presumption of safe country and total screening of migrants. Both of them may inspire Hungary as party state to establish own refugee policy on the base of the minimal level of protection for asylum seekers and recognised refugees. Finally, the author outlines the structure of domestic regulation in-betwwen the international and community commitments. She urges a more human, socially complex and less public order oriented, one-sided national refugee regime taking into account historical experiences, legal traditions and regional context in the enlarged Europe.

  • Issue Year: 2004
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 53-70
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Hungarian