What Determines State Capture in Poland? Cover Image

What Determines State Capture in Poland?
What Determines State Capture in Poland?

Author(s): Stanisław Alwasiak, Michał Możdżeń, Krzysztof Rybiński, Lech Kalina, Oskar Kowalewski, Monika Lewandowska-Kalina
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego
Keywords: law; corruption; state capture; public interest; transition country; Poland

Summary/Abstract: Purpose: This study examines the determinants of ex-ante state capture in Poland. Methodology: In order to establish the determinants of ex-ante state capture a logistic regression is estimated.Findings: The study shows that in Poland the majority of legal acts were passed with the aim to satisfy the interest of particular groups. Furthermore, the regression analysis shows that the likelihood of state capture increases during the period of higher economic growth and local elections. The likelihood of state capture, however, declines during presidential elections. The results we attribute to different interests of political parties in the period of local and presidential elections. Finally, we fi nd that the state capture increased over the years in Poland. Additionally, we show that the EU accession did not prevent state capture in Poland. In contrast, the financial crisis of 2007 resulted in a wake-up effect and the likelihood of state capture declined in Poland. Research limitations: In the study we employ proxies for state capture, yet we assume that corruption is a wide spread phenomenon in Poland. However, due to its nature corruption is very diffi cult to assess and measure. Originality: The study uses a unique dataset on ex-ante state capture that was identifi ed in the legal acts that have been passed in the period 1990–2011 in Poland.

  • Issue Year: 123/2013
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 86-109
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: English