Between Political Integration Efforts and Intellectual Resistance. Strategies of Hungarian Intellectual elite of Romania (1968-1989) Cover Image

Între demersuri de integrare politică şi rezistenţă intelectuală. Strategii ale elitelor intelectuale maghiare din România (1968-1989)
Between Political Integration Efforts and Intellectual Resistance. Strategies of Hungarian Intellectual elite of Romania (1968-1989)

Author(s): Lönhárt Tamás
Subject(s): Political history
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: Communism; political regim; national minorities; cultural reproduction; intellectuals; representation; political integration; collaboration; cooperation; protest; intellectual resistance; samizdat; po

Summary/Abstract: One can observe as studying the political and intellectual debate on representing the Hungarian national minority in the Romanian state, that already in the interwar period there had been the elements of a plural debate, several models, different perspectives and political agendas entering the public scenery, which was still trying to survive in the times of the establishment of the Communist regime. After the consolidation of the new regime, the political realities, the economic and social transformations, the opportunities and restrictive dimensions as well, all had been the results of the political inputs of a single party-state, aiming the entire society as a whole. The first part of the present study is dedicated to the specific way of political integrating of the Hungarian etno-cultural community in the Romanian state, after 1944 and up to 1960’s, a period of time that was marked also by accumulating specific experiences, that defined the Hungarian elites’ perspective upon the community’s vital interest. The second part is dedicated to the defining moment of 1968 and its impact upon the Hungarian intellectuals’ own perspective over the realities they had to meet by their public agenda. The third part is an analysis of the two different pannels of interaction between the Romanian socialist state and the Hungarian intellectuals who tried to present the options and outcries of their community in the years between 1969- 1989: on one hand, it was aimed to influence the political regime’s decision making centre through the acting of Hungarian personalities integrated in those cadres of the regime; on the other hand, one have to address also the protest groups, the phenomena of intellectual resistance, expressed also in the samizdat publications edited in Romania between 1982-1989, in Hungarian language. The above mentioned pannels of interaction had influenced also the perspective of the immediate post-1989 elites upon the solutions for the problem of integrating the Hungarian minority in the new Romanian political reality.

  • Issue Year: LIV/2015
  • Issue No: 54
  • Page Range: 265-287
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Romanian