Jewish Associations in the Bohemian Countries (1918-1940) Cover Image
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Jüdische Vereine in den böhmischen Ländern (1918-1940)
Jewish Associations in the Bohemian Countries (1918-1940)

Author(s): Jiří Křesťan
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut Terezínské iniciativy - Sefer
Keywords: Jewish clubs; political parties; Jewish organizations; Makkabi Hatzair; Prague; Sokol; Bar Kokhba; Holocaust; Shoa; Zionism; assimilated Jews; Czech Jews; interbellum; Czechoslovakia;

Summary/Abstract: Since their foundation in the second half of the 19th century, Jewish clubs, political parties and other organizations played an important role in the life of the Jews in the Bohemian countries. The article discusses the development of the most important institutions where Jews were organized and stresses that there were two totally different competing kinds of Jewish organizations. On the one hand there were the „Czech orientated assimilated” clubs and on the other hand, there were the “Zionists” clubs. There were significant tensions between each: even the rise of the Nazis in Germany and increasingly Antisemitic mood did not bring the camps any closer. Krestan also mentions a few small clubs with „German assimilated“ orientation, but those played only a marginal role.

  • Issue Year: 2004
  • Issue No: 11
  • Page Range: 337-404
  • Page Count: 68
  • Language: German