Hungarian Destiny in the 20th century in the light of two World Wars Cover Image

Ungarisches Schicksal im 20. Jahrhundert im Spiegel der zwei Weltkrige
Hungarian Destiny in the 20th century in the light of two World Wars

Author(s): Pál Pritz
Subject(s): History
Published by: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Új-és Jelenkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék
Keywords: Demography; regards economy; Treaty of Trianon; World War II; war of independence of 1956; brutal retliations; the Kádár regime

Summary/Abstract: The main points of the paper: 1. the 20th century brought a moderate demografic increase while the population of neighbouring countries tripled. 2.As for economy, whereas Hungary stood at 60% of West-European averages in 1913, figures were below 40% in 2005. The key factor in political history is that the primary reason for the Treaty of Trianon was our defeat in the Great War. Consequently, Hungarians lost the significance the had enjoyed earlier, as Hungary had been a major factor in European history for 900 years. The consequences of the World War II are even graver than those of the first war. The people could play a decisive role only in the uprising and war of independence of 1956. Although this fight could not triumph, eventually it greatly contributed to the fact that the Kádár regime (after brutal retaliations) provided the people with life which was of higher standards than in other sovietised countries.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 115 - 122
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: German