NIHILIZMAS LIETUVOJE, ARBA KAS BENDRA TARP A. ŠLIOGERIO IR E. SEVERINO
NIHILISM IN LITHUANIA OR – WHAT IS IN COMMON BETWEEN A. ÐLIOGERIS AND E. SEVERINO?
Published by: Vilniaus Universiteto Leidykla
Keywords: nihilism; Nothingness; Being; logos; Western thought
Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the philosophy of Emanuele Severino and Arvydas Ðliogeris as two cases of the non-alternative treatment of the history of nihilism. The analysis of the fountainhead of nihilism demonstrates that the critics of nihilism is being evocated on a logical (onto-logical) level. The radical orientation of contemporary philosophy – neoparmenidian one – which is namely representated by E. Severino, treats nihilism as a logical “defect”. While Severino excludes himself from those Western thinkers, who “have forgotten” the Being, according to the author, this elimination is not the contestation of Western ontological tradition, but, on the contrary, its actualization. Šliogeris avoids the treating of the nihilism as determinated by the attitude of “Being itself” as he roots the nihilism antropologically. The horizon of the proclamation and the conceptualization of the nihilism, for Šliogeris, is composed of the particular fluctuation (variation) between the rhetorical and antropological levels. For him, the thought is a nihilistic one not in the case when Nothingness has become a mode of the giveness of Being, but when the Being is a mode of giveness of Nothingness. The author questions – how it is possible or whether it is possible to proclaim the nihilism, while contesting the Being as the primordial metaphysical giveness, and taking this way yourself out of the tradition of Western philosophy?
- Issue Year: 2008
- Issue No: 73
- Page Range: 42-47
- Page Count: 5
- Language: Lithuanian