The Predicate Realized by an Infinitive (and Gerund Cover Image

Predicatul în situația modului infinitiv (și gerunziu)
The Predicate Realized by an Infinitive (and Gerund

Author(s): Raluca Ariannna Vîlceanu
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Editura Universităţii de Vest din Timişoara
Keywords: infinitive/gerund; predicate; dependent predicate; verb form; antonymous relation

Summary/Abstract: The verbs in the infinitive, gerund and, rarely, in the participle can be considered as having a predicative function in those instances when they are related to their own subject. The presence of a subject distinct from the one of the verb emphasizes their procedural content (a characteristic of the verb) and, also, offers the possibility of generating, independently of the verb, several grammatical categories specific to the verb such as person, number and voice; therefore, the infinitive and the gerund stand relatively close to the indicative, subjunctive and imperative. By accepting this function, we reach a very convenient solution to some extreme situations: we refer both to the cases where the Grammar of the Academy expresses uncertainty – they talk about “relative infinitive constructions” as subjects – and the contexts where the infinitive and the gerund express totally opposing actions in relation to the verb, which is difficult to think of in the case of a subject common to both verbs. In the case of the infinitive, accepting the predicative function is subscribed to its unquestionable synonymy with the subjunctive (they both have a similar structure: a specific morpheme and two temporal forms: present and perfect). The infinitive, gerund and participle with distinct subjects are dependent predicates or conditionals: their occurrence is tightly connected with and depends upon the presence of another verb, thus of a regent clause. The infinitive occurs as the predicate of an independent sentence when it has the value of an imperative and is not preceded by another verb, - all warningstatements of general and impersonal character.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 53
  • Page Range: 69-78
  • Page Count: 10