Siege of Goražde 1992 – 1995 Cover Image

Opsada Goražda 1992-1995.
Siege of Goražde 1992 – 1995

Author(s): Muamer Džananović
Subject(s): History
Published by: Naučnoistraživački institut »Ibn Sina«
Keywords: Aggression; Goražde; Siege; Safe Zone; Crimes; UN High Officials; UN Resoution

Summary/Abstract: During the siege of Goražde, from spring 1992 until the end of 1995, severe crimes against humanity and international law, including genocide, were committed against civilians, civil facilities and civilian shelters. The strategy of total siege left surrounded inhabitants of Goražde without basic necessities for life. SerboMontenegrin agressor, using modern weapons including sniper and artillery, conducted a organized and coordinated attack against civilians and civil facilities. In spring 1992, agressor captured surrounding cities, therefore leaving Goražde under total siege. Goražde lost every connection with free territories, which were under control of Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On May 6th, 1993, Goražde became one of six UN Safe Zones in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Still, aggressor continued severe intense artillery and sniper attacks, therefore killing, wounding and destroying civil facilities. Besides, aggressor prevented humanitarian aid, food and medicine to enter the surrounded territory. Inhabitants of Goražde lived three and a half years under such inhumane conditions, experiencing the same condition as they were in concentration camp. Goražde was very important to aggressor, as it was only the free territory remained in the area of Eastern Bosnia that was not captured by aggressor forces, therefore only area that was preventing and stopping the plans and ideology for Great Serbia. This work will elaborate the importance of the status of UN Safe Zone, attitude of high officials towards the aggressor and towards the victims of aggression, and activities taken to conquer Goražde.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 65-66
  • Page Range: 291-306
  • Page Count: 16
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