The Curse as a Structural Element of Various Folklore Genres Cover Image
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Клетвата кaтo елемент в cтpyктypaтa на различни жанрове народно творчество
The Curse as a Structural Element of Various Folklore Genres

Author(s): Dejan Ajdačić
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: In many of the folklore genres the curse is used as an idiom, because of the magic power of its words. In most cases through the curse the Lord, the demons of fate, or, the forces of nature, are called to intervene. The curse is used with equal frequency both in the genres of appellation and of narration. More specifically, it takes part in the incantations, laments, blessings, praises, reproaches, in combination with other curses, in folk-songs, tales and legends. Special attention is paid to the subordination between magic knowledge and the curse, magic art and the curse, historicity and the curse, which is to be observed in the narrative genres. In the polygeneric texts a bigger number of structural elements take part. They lose at that their characteristic features as separate genres and become polysemantic in the textual and contextual relationships. The great variety of curses, as well as their various uses in folklore, lead to their study in the genre system of oral tradition and reveal perspectives for more detailed general or specific studies of the regular transformations.

  • Issue Year: XX/1994
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 49-55
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Bulgarian