The medieval rotunda discovered in Huet-Square in Sibiu Cover Image
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The medieval rotunda discovered in Huet-Square in Sibiu

Author(s): Zeno Karl Pinter
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: medieval archaeology; rotunda; 12th Century; Transylvania; Sibiu/Hermannstadt; seigniorial chapel; ossuary.

Summary/Abstract: During the archaeological diggings from the Huet Square in Sibiu the foundations of a central planned religious building (rotunda) were discovered. The building belongs to the type of double seigniorial chapels and has a crypt with a central pillar, a ground floor (probably with an apse) intended for religious service and an eventual second floor intended for defence purposes. The chapel belonged to a seigniorial court endowed with a retrenchment and a palisade. The archaeological and typo-chronological analysis and the parallels from mediaeval Transylvania and Europe, trace the edification of the monument back in the 12th Century. After the 13th Century the rotunda was taken over by the local community and transformed into a charnel house. The old crypt became an ossuary. In the 17th Century the former rotunda still appears, sketched in a contemporary drawing. After this century the monument disappeared from the urban landscape of Sibiu.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 55
  • Page Range: 32-57
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: German